Cigarette smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, family history, and radiation exposure are risk factors for kidney cancer.
Knowledge of the earliest symptoms and warning signs of kidney cancer is required for improved outcomes. Hematuria, or the presence of blood in the urine, is one of the most common signs of kidney cancer. If the patient discovers blood in their urine, they should be concerned because there are often no further symptoms, pain, or discomfort.
Blood in the urine due to kidney cancer is occasionally painless, occasionally visible in the urine collection container, and always detectable when the urine is analyzed.
Blood in the urine can also be caused by conditions other than kidney cancer, including cystitis, urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder and prostate cancer, blood thinner overdoses, urinary tract stones, and prostate and bladder cancer.
Other signs of kidney cancer include a lump or tumor in the kidney area (flanks), fatigue, flank pain, a general sense of being unwell, lack of appetite, weight loss, low-grade fever, bone pain, high blood pressure, anemia, or abnormal blood calcium levels.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Despite the fact that there is no known cause for kidney cancer, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, family history, and radiation exposure are all risk factors. Anybody exhibiting any of the following kidney cancer symptoms should consult a physician promptly.
The following diagnostic procedures may be used to detect and assess cancer:
- Urine screening
- Blood tests
- CT scan, MRI, and tumor biopsy of the abdomen.
- Several Phases of Kidney Cancer
The severity of kidney cancer is determined by its stage.
The location and size of the tumor, the amount to which lymph nodes are damaged, and the extent to which the disease has spread, if at all, to other tissues and organs determine the stage of a malignancy.
Kidney tumors in stages I and II, when the tumor has not progressed beyond the kidney, are termed early stages.
Locally advanced kidney cancer consists of Stage III tumors that have spread to adjacent tissues.
Advanced kidney cancer, a tumor of stage IV, has spread to organs other than the kidney.
Administration and Treatment
Age, general health, and the stage and grade of the tumor all play a significant influence in the treatment of kidney cancer. Among the various therapeutic options include surgery, ablation, radiation therapy, targeted medication therapy, immunotherapy, and sometimes chemotherapy.
Various cancer kinds originate from distinct causes. The causes of and potential prevention actions for kidney cancer are currently under investigation. Although kidney cancer cannot be completely avoided, there are a number of ways to reduce one’s risk, including:
- Stopping smoking
- Bringing down blood pressure
- Keeping a healthy body weight
- Consuming fruit and vegetable-rich, low-fat diet